Bead weaving can be done on a loom. Looms for bead weaving range in size from small, uncomplicated, and inexpensive, to large, complex, and costly. Looms can be used for bead weaving, wire weaving, bead and fiber combination, and bead tapestry.
Warp and weft threads (other material, such as reeds or raffia, can be used instead of thread) are the two basic components used in weaving to make a fabric or piece, Warp threads are the lengthwise or longitudinal threads, kept in place by a frame or loom. It is important that the warp threads stay taut, with equal tension on each thread. The weft threads are transverse, usually perpendicular, to the warp threads, and are drawn through the warp threads in an under-over manner.
A design can be warp-based, meaning that design is based almost entirely on the warp threads, which cover the weft. Inkle looms are used for this type of weaving. "Inkle" means "ribbon" or "tape". Belts, straps, and trim are usually woven on inkle looms. Tapestry weaving is weft based, meaning that the design is based upon the weft threads and the warp threads are covered. Otherwise, weaving uses a combination of warp and weft to create design.
I like Mirrix looms. They are manufactured in the United States and provide employment for those with physical and mental disabilities.